Wet Textile Operations
|Chapter 4.6: Wet Textile Operations: Cleaner Production Fact Sheet and Resource Guide
NOTE: Listing of a resource does not constitute USAID endorsement or certificationReferences and Resources Resources and References
- Cleaner Production in Cloth Printing and Dyeing Operations
Useful description of general cost-effective pollution prevention tips (ranging from limiting chemical use to saving water or fuel costs).
- Cleaner Technology Transfer to the Polish Textile Industry: Idea Catalogue and Selected Options (1999). Danish Cooperation for Environment in Eastern Europe (DANCEE).
This study was commissioned by the Danish environmental protection agency for improvements in the Polish textile industry. Although the report refers to medium-scale producers, it provides an excellent example of diagnosis and options for cleaner production. The report discusses different methods of improving resource efficiency, chemical substitution, and optimization.
- Energy Conservation in the Textile Industry (1992). United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) and Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI), Japan.
This manual presents a lengthy discussion of textile production in a variety of subsectors-yarn and fiber production, knitting, weaving, clothing, dyeing and finishing-and provides guidance on energy-saving technologies for each one.
- Pollution Prevention Tips for Wet-Processing Textile Mills. Georgia Pollution Prevention Assistance Division. Georgia Department of Natural Resources.
This report gives specific cleaner production guidelines for improving textile processing. Concentrates mostly on water conservation methods and improving chemical use.
- Sectoral Profile of the Textile Industry (1998). United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) Sustainable Development Program. January.
An extensive overview of textile production, including subsectors. Also includes a very detailed technical description of cleaner production techniques such as chemical substitution, water conservation and waste minimization.
- Smith, Brent and Vikki Bristow. Indoor Air Quality And Textiles: An Emerging Issue. Raleigh, North Carolina: School of Textiles, North Carolina State University.
Fairly technical discussion of possible air pollutants present inside textile processing buildings.
- "Textiles" (1998). Pollution Prevention and Abatement Handbook. World Bank Group.
This chapter is part of a larger pollution prevention handbook published by the World Bank. The document discusses major sources of pollution and lists technical requirements for limiting chemical pollutants.
- The Textile Industry and the Environment (1993). United Nations Environmental Program (UNEP) Technical Report No.16.
This booklet gives an overview of environmental impacts associated with textile production and strategies for cleaner production. For sale at earthprint.com for US $35.
- The Textiles Industry: Improvement of Resource Efficiency and Environmental Performance (2000). CleanerProduction.com, Hamner and Associates LLC.
A short discussion of cleaner production issues and a checklist of possible areas of attack. This Web site also includes links to a number of other textile sites.
- Wanucha, David J. Land Application of Textile Biosolids: North Carolina's Experience. North Carolina Division of Pollution Prevention and Environmental Assistance.
A low-tech discussion of the beneficial reuse of textile wastewater treatment sludge in agriculture.
- Water Conservation for Textile Mills: A Waste Reduction Fact Sheet. North Carolina Division of Pollution Prevention and Environmental Assistance.
Methods of conserving water at various points in the production process. Although primarily aimed at large-scale producers, it contains a useful discussion on reuse and water conservation relevant to the small-scale producer.